Sunday, March 25, 2012

Automatic Street Light Controller Circuit Diagram



This circuit is an automatic street light controller. Sensors used to detect changes in light is LDR (Light dependent resistor), the working principle of Light dependent resistor is exposed to light when the resistance value of LDR great, but if not exposed to light or dark then the resistance value of LDR.

LDR is a special type of resistance whose value depends on the brightness of the light which is falling on it. It has resistance of about 1 mega ohm when in total darkness, but a resistance of only about 5k ohms when brightness illuminated. It responds to a large part of light spectrum.
When light falls on the LDR then its resistance decreases which results in increase of the voltage at pin 2 of the IC 555. IC 555 has got comparator inbuilt, which compares between the input voltage from pin2 and 1/3rd of the power supply voltage. When input falls below 1/3rd then output is set high otherwise it is set low. Since in brightness, input voltage rises so we obtain no positive voltage at output of pin 3 to drive relay.

2 comments:

  1. What is the 9v AC connections ?????
    Why have 2200u for 100mA circuit ????
    Why have a transistor when the 555 will deliver 100mA !!!!
    Why is C3 50v when the voltage will be 0.7v MAXIMUM !!!!

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  2. Why don't you have the intelligence to add my comments to these JUNK projects.
    They are filled with mistakes and just make you look like an IDIOT.

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